How to Check Disk Usage in Linux (4 Methods) #GeekLeap

There could also be instances when you want to obtain some vital information or switch some images to your Linux system, however face an issue of inadequate disk area. You head over to your file supervisor to delete the massive information which you not require, however you don’t have any clue which ones are occupying most of your disk area. On this article, we are going to present some simple strategies to test disk utilization in Linux from each the terminal and the GUI software.

Monitor Disk Utilization in Linux (2023)

Examine Disk House Utilizing the df Command

In Linux, there are various instructions to test disk utilization, the commonest being the df command. The df stands for “Disk Filesystem” within the command, which is a useful option to test the present disk utilization and the obtainable disk area in Linux. The syntax for the df command in Linux is as follows:

df <choices> <file_system>

The choices to make use of with the df command are:

Choices Description
-a Present details about all file programs together with pseudo, duplicate and inaccessible file programs
-h Show the sizes in human-readable format i.e in powers of 1024
-t Show the disk utilization of solely the file system of a selected kind
-x Show the disk utilization excluding a selected file kind

Show Disk Utilization in Human Readable Format

The df command exhibits the sizes in bytes, which can be exhausting for some individuals to learn. To see file sizes in a human-readable format resembling megabytes, gigabytes, and so forth., then use the -h flag.Right here’s what the syntax seems to be like:

df -h

showing disk usage in human readable form

Show Disk Occupancy of a Specific Sort

You too can view the disk utilization of a selected file system kind utilizing the -t flag as proven beneath:

df -t <file_system_type>

disk usage of ext4 type partition using df command

Examine Disk Utilization utilizing the du Command

The df command solely exhibits the disk utilization for your complete file system and never for particular person information and directories. To view the disk utilization for particular person information and directories, use the du command. Right here, du stands for “disk utilization“. The syntax to make use of the du command is:

du <choice> <file>

The choices to make use of with the du command are:

Choices Description
-a Reveals particulars of all information
-h Reveals the file sizes in human-readable format
-s Shows the scale of a selected listing
-c Reveals the whole utilization of your complete listing

Show Disk Utilization in Human Readable Format

To show the sizes in human readable format like in megabytes, gigabytes, and so forth. as an alternative of bytes, use the -h flag through the command syntax beneath:

du -h

display sizes in human readable format

Show Disk Utilization for a Specific Listing

The du command exhibits the disk utilization for all folders. However you may view the disk utilization for a particular folder, utilizing the -s flag with the fundamental command as below:

du -s -h <directory_name>

check the disk usage of a specific directory using du command

Examine Disk Utilization of Two Directories

With the du command, you may also examine the disk utilization of two or extra directories as proven beneath:

du <choices> <directory_1> <directory_2>

comparing two directory sizes

Clear Disk House Utilizing the Command Line

You should utilize both of the du and the df instructions together with different Linux instructions to listing out the information and directories occupying essentially the most area. Then, you may select to maintain these information or delete information in Linux to unlock cupboard space in your pc.

Sorting Recordsdata based mostly on File Measurement

The du command shows the file dimension for all information in a listing, however when mixed with the kind command utilizing the pipe character ‘|‘, you may see the outcomes sorted in lowering order of their file dimension. The syntax to make use of each instructions is:

du -a <directory_path> | type -rn

Right here, the pipe character ‘|‘ is used to ship the output of 1 command because the enter for one more command. Within the second a part of the syntax, the -r flag is used to type in reverse order and the -n flag is used to type information based mostly on the numeric worth. Nevertheless, don’t delete information simply on the idea of file dimension as you might by chance delete vital information that are required for the functioning of the Linux system.

sorting all files based on file size

Exclude Recordsdata Based mostly on Their File Measurement

There are quite a few methods to exclude information based mostly on their file dimension by combining varied instructions, however the easiest method is to make use of the discover command to exclude information exceeding a sure dimension. The syntax to make use of the discover command to exclude information based mostly on their file dimension is:

discover <directory_path> -size -<file_size_to_exclude>

You too can use the -exec flag to mix with different instructions, taking the output of the discover command because the enter for the opposite command.

Excluding files based on file size

Exclude Recordsdata Based mostly on their Varieties

The du command has a vital flag often called the --exclude flag, which can be utilized to exclude sure file varieties when the command is utilized in mixture with different instructions. The syntax to make use of the --exclude flag with the du command is:

du -h <path_to_directory> --exclude="*<file_extension>"

Right here, the * is used as a wild card which signifies that every one the characters ought to match the enter whereas parsing the listing.

excluding items using wild card

Examine Disk Utilization Utilizing GUI

The command line output for varied disk utilization instructions could be exhausting for some individuals to know. So there are some GUI alternate options that make the duty of monitoring disk utilization simple. Some frequent GUI instruments to observe disk utilization are the GDU Disk Utilization Analyzer and the Gnome Disks Instrument,which could be simply put in utilizing the next command:

Putting in disk utilization analyzer:

sudo snap set up gdu-disk-usage-analyzer

Putting in disk-utility device:

sudo apt-get -y set up gnome-disk-utility

Examine Disk Utilization Utilizing Gnome Disk Instrument

The Gnome disk utility device is mostly used to format storage partitions to a particular kind. Within the default view, all of the storage partitions are proven.

To know particulars a few partition such because the machine identify, file system kind, obtainable area, and extra, you want to click on on the partition’s identify. The disk utility device is a useful gizmo, however you may lose all of your vital knowledge if used carelessly.

checking available disk space using Gnome Disks Tool

Examine Disk Utilization Utilizing Disk Utilization Analyzer Instrument

Monitoring disk utilization is far simpler in GUI utilizing the Disk Utilization Analyzer Instrument as in comparison with CLI. After putting in this device, entry it through the Functions menu after which observe the steps beneath:

1. If you first open the Disk Utilization Analyzer device, it should present all of the storage partitions related to your system alongside along with your Residence listing.

listing all partitions attached to the system

2. To know in regards to the disk utilization of any machine, click on on the machine identify. It’ll scan your complete machine and show a hoop chart of the disk occupancy for all of the folders. If you hover over any portion of the graph, you will notice which folders are occupying essentially the most disk area.

Ring chart for disk occupancy

Cleanup Disk utilizing Disk Utilization Analyzer

After analyzing totally different areas of the file system, you would possibly wish to delete among the storage hogging information. The Disk Utilization Analyzer Instrument additionally doubles up as a cleanup device for the information or folders you wish to delete. To delete any information or folders:

1. Navigate to the file you wish to delete from the file system tree. Proper-click on the merchandise and choose the “Transfer To Trash” choice.

deleting a folder using the Disk Usage Analyzer

As a security measure, this device strikes the information and folder to the “Trash” location, so that you simply don’t delete an vital file accidentally. The trash location can then be emptied utilizing any file supervisor.

Simply Examine Disk Utilization in Linux

Managing disk area is a crucial talent for file administration, and it’s essential to maintain disk drives wholesome for a very long time. We hope that the strategies proven on this information will allow you to test disk utilization in Linux. For those who face any points, do tell us within the feedback beneath.

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